Write 8 pages thesis on the topic patient’s care. It will also offer an insight on the best care that nursing interventions should employ to ensure the well-being of the patient. Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) is a lung disease that progressively affects the lungs of millions of people worldwide. It is characterized by blockage of the regular flow of air making it difficult for an individual to breathe. In most cases, a person with this disease may have chronic bronchitis, emphysema or asthma-like characteristics that result to relatively irreversible obstructive to flow of air in the lungs. The condition diminishes the amount of blood that is oxygenated supplied over other body parts such as the brain. Rationale COPD is a dangerous and life-threatening disease that if left untreated can affect the lungs completely and even lead to death. According to the most recent statistics from the World Health Organization (WHO), over 64 million people have the disease and close to three million die from the disease. It is estimated to be the fourth main causes of death in the United States alone. These statistics as predicated by the WHO shows that if left untreated, the disease will be the third largest cause of death by 2030. This shows the urgency that is required to mitigate the effects it will have on the society. This is the main point behind the choice of studying the disease. to come up with better ways of ensuring that such predictions will not have a great impact in the society. The disease is also known to result in heart attacks and its complications can result to severe damage of heart tissues and eventually death. Research has shown that condition is also among the main causes of heart failure in the community and calls immediate actions to mitigate its effects. By cutting off oxygen supply to the body, COPD results in low levels of oxygen in the body and this can affect the normal organ functioning. It can also result to reduced blood floor to other body organs and this can highly affect other organs in the body and can even result in Multiple Organ Failure (MOF), a condition that is difficult to manage. Research has shown that the main causes of this disease can be managed and controlled. Most of the research documents the main risk factors of COPD to be tobacco smoking, inhalation of polluted air, chemicals and dusts inhaled in work places. As seen from the patient being treated, the main cause of the complication was related to his earlier smoking habits. Following this statics, the society should be enlightened on such controllable causes to ensure that the diseases do not prevail. There is need to emphasis on warning people against smoking as this is the main cause of COPD and considering the number of death the disease can lead to. The caregivers should also be enlightened on the main cause of the condition for them to be aware on what to do when dealing with the affected people. Pathophysiology Causes and symptoms The main causes of COPD can be explained from two perspectives. First, it can occur due to a damage of the walls of the air sacs in the lungs. This damage results in the presence of a low total number of air sacs to transfer air to other organs of the body. The lungs are not able to transfer oxygen to the bloodstream or get rid of carbon dioxide produced from the body.
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