Write 4 pages thesis on the topic stokely carmichael: contribution to civil rights. Carmichael and eight other riders travelled by train from New Orleans to Jackson on 4 June, 1961. He was arrested for the first time in his career at Jackson for entering a ‘Whites Only’ bus waiting room. Carmichael was given a harsh, 49 day sentence at the Parchman Penitentiary in Mississippi, which proved to be “a crucible and training ground” for him (PBS.org). Carmichael resolutely continued his activism, and joined a Freedom Ride in Maryland, a demonstration in Maryland and a hospital strike in New York (History.com). He was a member of the University’s Nonviolent Action Group, affiliated with the Students Nonviolent Coordinating Committee (SNCC) .He also participated in the Albany Movement which mobilized massive protests in Albany, Georgia against racial discrimination and segregation (King Center). In 1964, Carmichael joined the SNCC as a full-time staff member. This was “a critical moment in the history of the civil rights movement” in America (History.com). SNCC engaged in an aggressive campaign, dubbed ‘Mississippi Freedom Summer,’ in which hundreds of black and white volunteers travelled through the South to teach, establish clinics and register disenfranchised black voters. Carmichael’s eloquent communication skills and inherent leadership soon made him SNNC’s field organizer for Lowndes County, Alabama. Here, African Americans were in the majority, but remained excluded from government. Carmichael’s registration drive witnessed the increase of black voters from 70 to 2,600. This exceeded the number of registered white voters by 300 (Kaufman). Carmichael was disillusioned with the lukewarm response of the major political parties to his successful drive.
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