NSG6435 Week 5 Assignment 4 Midterm Exam / NSG 6435 Week 5 Midterm Exam -Family Health – Pediatrics- South University Question

NSG6435 Week 5 Assignment 4 Midterm Exam / NSG 6435 Week 5 Midterm Exam -Family Health – Pediatrics- South University Question

1.            The incidence of congenital heart defects is estimated to be ________ of all live births. 20% 10% 5% 1% Question

2.            2 Breastmilk can be safely stored in a freezer below 0 degrees Fahrenheit for how long?

3.            3 Which foreign body needs immediate removal from a five-year-old boy’s nose?

4.            4 The most useful diagnostic test in delayed puberty is _____________________. complete thyroid panel X-Ray of the left wrist and hand X-Ray of the right wrist and hand X-Ray of the spinal column Question

5.            5 An average vision of a two-year-old child is approximately: 20/150 20/400 20/70 20/30 Question

6.            6 A five-year-old female presents for a follow-up emergency room visit with a diagnosis of bronchitis. You would expect which treatment to have been prescribed?

7.            7 An adolescent with a chronic asthma cough notes that symptoms are usually worse _____________. only with exertion only during the daytime only at night at night and with exertion Question

8.            8 An average adolescent female usually experiences her biggest growth spurt at approximately what age?

9.            Question 9 If an adolescent has a bone age of 10 but is actually 13 years of age, this patient has ______. an increased risk of fracture in the next three years an increased risk of osteoporosis as an adult a higher potential for bone growth a lower potential for bone growth Question

10.          10 Gardasil results in greater antibody responses for females who are administered the three-dose series between what ages? Six to twenty-six years of age Prior to eleven years of age Nine to fifteen years of age Nine to twenty-six years of age Question

11.          11 An eight-year old has chronic intermittent nasal congestion. All but which of the following would support allergic rhinitis?

12.          12 A fifteen-month old failed treatment with amoxicillin for an otitis media. At his two-week recheck, his tympanic membrane remained red with distorted landmarks and he persisted with nasal discharge that is thick and yellowish. The best action for the nursing practitioner should be to prescribe: A ten-day-course of augmentin A three-week-course of a cephalexin A higher dose amoxicillin Ceftriaxone and an antihistamine Question

13.          13 An infant should be able to say his or her first word by: four to five months eight to nine months twelve to fifteen months twenty four to twenty six months Question

14 The latter part of adolescence includes the ability to develop ________ and _______ means to be a part of society. strong attachments; sexuality career; marriage critical thinking; basic life skills moral; intellectual means Question

15 A fourteen-year-old adolescent presents with fatigue, endocarditis, pulmonary hypertension, arrhythmias, and congestive heart failure. You suspect he may have ____________. ASD pulmonary valve stenosis aortic valve stenosis a ventricular septal defect (VSD) Question

16 A four-year-old male patient presents with his mother with a school referral regarding red eyes. Which questions would not assist in establishing a list of differential diagnoses? Unilateral vs. bilateral presentation Type of drainage Vision status History of a bacterial infection one month ago Question

17 ______________ adolescents should be screened for sexually transmitted diseases. Males Females All Sexually active Question

18 An infant should no longer have a head lag when pulled from the supine to sitting position at what age? Two months Four months Six months Nine months Question

19 ____________ should be given as a supplement in the management of delayed puberty. Vitamins B1 and B12 Vitamins D and E Vitamin A and Calcium Calcium and Vitamin D Question

20 Parents or guardians of adolescents should ___________________. not be included in the adolescent’s health care receive health guidance information at least twice during adolescence encourage reasonable use of alcohol and tobacco by the adolescent encourage early sexual activity by providing condoms to the adolescent Question

21 How does cultural sensitivity impact the care of infants in the primary care setting?

22 The most typical chest radiographic finding consistent with the diagnosis of asthma is ______________. normal chest film diffuse airway edema right upper-lobe infiltrate hyperinflation Question

23 A 10 yo has a single painful ulcerated lesion on an erythematous base on the inner buccal mucosa. The most likely diagnosis and treatment would be: herpes simplex stomatitis–oral acyclovir herpangina–viscous xylocaine apthous ulcer–triamcinalone in orabase Hand, foot, mouth syndrome–antibiotic mouthwash Question

24 A 9 month old is noted to have a bifid uvula. This would increase his risk of developing which disorder?

25 All of the following may predispose a patient to thrush except: age steroid therapy antibiotics poor oral hygiene Question

26 Patients with sinusitis should be instructed not to participate in what activity?

27 What complication of sinusitis are adolescent males more prone to?

28 Acceptable management options for allergic rhinitis include all of the following except: oral cetirizine oral montelukast nasal beclomethsone nasal neosynephrine Question

29 A 7 yo has experienced recurrent nose bleeds in the past 2 months. What finding on the physical exam would suggest an underlying medical cause for the epistaxis?

30 A 2 yo male with a history of chronic serous OM is noted to have a pearly white opacity in the upper outer quadrant of his TM. He currently has no symptoms and appears to be ok. The most likely diagnosis and appropriate managment would be: tympanosclerosis; no treatment is necessary persistent perforation; prescribe topical antibiotic drops foreign body; perform an ear wash for removal cholesteatoma; refer to otolaryngology Question

31 A 15 mo failed treatment with amoxicillin for OM. At his 2 week re-check his TM remained red with distorted landmarks and he persisted with nasal congestion, poor sleep, and fever. The next best step would be to treat with: a 10 day course of augmentin a 3 week course of cephalosporin a higher dose of amoxicillin and topical abx ceftriaxone and an antihistamine Question

32 All but which one of the following patients are at an increased risk of developing otitis media?

33 Patients with otitis externa should be instructed to do which one of the following: keep ear dry until symptoms improve limit swimming for the remainder of summer wear ear plugs at all times with swimming use alcohol drops before swimming each day Question

34 A 10 yo has marked ear pain, not wanting anyone to touch his ear. The canal is edematous and exudate is present. TM is normal. How should this be managed?

35 A 16 yo was hit in the eye 1 day ago and now has ecchymoses on the upper and lower lids with 5/10 eye pain. All but which of the following would be appropriate to obtain at this time: visual acuity intraocular pressure CT scan fluorescein stain Question

36 The greatest risk in a patient with a hyphema is which of the following?

37 Corneal abrasions can be managed with topical application of which of the following: anesthetic for pain control steroids to prevent adhesions antibiotics to prevent infection atropine to prevent ciliary spasm Question

38 Trauma to the eye increases the risk of developing all but which one of the following? strabismus glaucoma cataracts hyphema Question

39 Fluorescein staining of the eye is used to detect a: keratitis foreign body corneal abrasion hyphema Question

40 Prematurity increases the risk of developing which one of the following?

41 A 3 month old has a mild asymmetrical corneal light reflex on physical exam. What is the next appropriate step?

42 Which of the following may cause microcephaly? Hypocalcemia Craniosynostosis Skull fracture Seizure disorder Question

43 What finding may accompany macrocephaly?

44 Obtaining a CT of the head would be indicated in which of these conditions? Macrocephaly CephalohematomaCraniosynostosis Caput succedaneum Question

45 Which one of the following conditions increases the risk of developing hydrocephalus?

46 A conjunctivitis appearing in a 2 day old newborn is likely due to: chemical irritation from eye drops group B streptocuccus chlamydia gonorrhea Question

47 Confirming the diagnosis of chlamydia conjunctivitis in a newborn would best be done by obtaining which one of the following?

48 Which one of the following eye findings would be considered an ophthalmic emergency?

49 The most appropriate management of a 5 yo with a firm, nontender nodule in the mid-upper eyelid for 3 weeks would be: cool compresses topical ophthalmic ointment oral antibiotics oral steroids Question

50 Daily eyelid cleansing with diluted baby shampoo and a cotton tipped applicator would be appropriate in the treatment of which one of the following conditions?

51 A 3 year old has an edematous, mildly erythematous right upper eyelid for one day with a fever of 103. An important eye assessment would be: ocular mobility conjunctival inflammation pupillary reaction optic disk papilledema Question

52 Concurrent otitis media and conjunctivitis is likely due to which organism?

53 A 16 yo girl makes the following statements to you during her health visit. Which of the following pieces of information should not be kept confidential? I have been sexually active with three of my boyfriends I sometimes smoke marijuana I want to get pregnant Sometimes I feel like ending my life Question

54 In performing a physical examination on a nine month old infant, which of the following developmental fears would not be appropriate for you to consider?

55 When performing a physical examination on a toddler, which of the following body parts would you examine last: Heart and lungs abdomen and genitals Ears and throat Hips and extremities Question

56 Role play with equipment during the course of a physical examination would be most beneficial with which of the following age groups: Toddlers Preschoolers Young school-age children Older school-age children Question

57 Providing reassurance of “normalcy” during the course of an examination would be most important for: Preschool children Young school-age children Older school-age children Adolescents Question

58 Which of the following would not elevate the pulse of a child: Fever Anemia Hypothyroidism Exercise Question

59 The PNP recognizes which of the following signs as indicators that baby is not receiving sufficient breastmilk?

60 Blood pressure should be measured at WCC beginning at age: 2 3 4 5 Question

61 A wide pulse pressure that results from a high systolic blood pressure is usually not due to which of the following: Fever Exercise Excitement A patent ductus arteriosus Question

62 Head and chest circumferences should be equal at: 6 months 1 year 2 years 3 years Question

63 The anterior fontanel usually closes by: 2 months 6 months 18 months 24 months Question

64 Diffuse edema of the soft tissue of the scalp which usually crosses suture lines in the newborn is: Bossing Caput seccedaneumCephalohematoma Macrocephaly Question

65 An infant should no longer have head lag when pulled from the supine to sitting position at what age?

66 “Boggy” nasal mucous membranes with serous drainage upon examination usually suggests: Sinusitis Polyps URI Allergic rhinitis Question

67 A white instead of red reflex upon eye examination of a 1 yo child would suggest:

68 A cobblestone appearance of the palpebral conjunctiva usually indicates: Bacterial infection Chemical irritation Viral infection Severe allergy Question

69 An eye that deviates in when covered but returns to midline when uncovered is an:

70 Pain produced by manipulation of the auricle or pressure on the tragus suggests: Acute otitis media Otitis externa Otitis media with effusion Mastoiditis Question

71 A hypernasal voice and snoring in a child is suggestive of:

72 Physiological splitting of the second heart sound during inspiration in a child:

73 Which of the following is not characteristic of innocent heart murmurs in children?

74 A grade II musical or vibratory murmur heard best at the lower left sternal border that changes with positioning is suggestive of a: Pulmonary ejection murmur Ventricular septal defect Venous hum Vibratory or Still’s murmur Question

75 Wheezing in a child may not be found in which of the following conditions: Asthma Bronchiolitis Pleural friction rub Cystic fibrosis Question

76 Gynecomastia in a male may not be a finding in which of the following: Normal pubertal development Steroid usage Hyperthyroidism Testicular tumor Question

77 Which of the following would usually not be considered a sign of a pituitary tumor in an adolescent female?

78 Which of the following is not a specific examination test for a dislocated hip?

79 In addition to the knee, which of the following should be examined in a child complaining of knee pain?

80 Which of the following infant reflexes should not disappear by 6 months of age?

81 Spasticity in an infant may be an early sign of:

82 A shift to the left is present when which of the following are elevated?

83 Which of the following is usually elevated with viral infections?

84 Decreased platelets may not be found in which of the following:

85 Which of the following does not suggest a urinary tract infection?