Complete 6 pages APA formatted article: An examination of conflict and development in global south(case study) Somalia. This piece of work paper gives an examination of conflict and development in Somali which is the case study with much insight being given to the impact of decolonization on the state, the extent of positive development, the effect of conflict on the state’s development and the position of the state in today’s international system. Other relevant issues regarding the states will also be discussed for better understanding. Aspects Regarding Somalia Somalia is a country located in the horn of Africa. It is situated along the Gulf of Aden and the Indian Ocean. It is a country that is relatively small (smaller than Texas), with a population of approximately 9,133,124 people. It is arid and barren having only two rivers namely juba and Shebelle. It however have got some very essential natural resources for instance uranium, natural gas, iron ore, tin, gypsum, salt, copper, bauxite and some possible oil deposits as well as fish and marine life situated along the gulf of Aden, the Arabian sea, and the Indian ocean. The problem is that most of the natural resources are unexploited mainly due to the political instability and lack of appropriate technology for the exploitation and processing (Anonymous 2011). Somali gained independence in 1960, 1st July following a reunion between the British Somaliland and the Italian Somaliland forming the Somali republic. Somalia has had a lot of changes of the presidents and had no working government from the year 1991 to 2000 when a weak parliamentary government was created but did not last long as it run out in 2003 without any positive changes in terms of control in the country (Federal Research Division 2004). It was in 2004 that an intermediary parliament, transitional federal government (TFG) was established and a president elected, Abdullahi Yusuf Ahmed. It was during the national election in 2009 that a permanent government was established and Sheik Sharif Ahmed elected as the president and has ruled to present (Mansbach and Rafferty 2007). Somalia is a country that has been faced with a lot of conflicts associated with the various changes in the government and presidents leading to instability and lack of control in the country (Kisiangani 2006). The government of Somalia is a democratic republic and the state is viewed as a politically failed state by the international community due to its inability to restore the political stability in the country and its indulgence in criminal activities like piracy and bombing attacks in various parts of the world (Best 2008). Answers to the Questions Decolonization entails the process of changing from colonial status to independent status. It involves the reverse of colonization and establishment of governance hence attainment of authority where a country can now carry out its practices and activities without interference by the colonizers. It involves gaining of independence and autonomy from the colonizing country such as in the governing of it owns practices and activities for example the utilization of the natural resources. Somalia is a country that is well known for political instability for a long period of time. It was colonized by Britain, France, and Italy all with their specific interests in the country. This is a contributing factor towards its political instability as all the colonizing countries had effects on the governance hence the conflicts (Baylis, Smith and Owens 2011).
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